Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is any damage to the brain that has occurred since birth and is non-progressive. ABI, therefore, excludes any brain injury that was present at birth (congenital brain injury) or any progressive degenerative conditions, such as dementia, Multiple Sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease. Each individual will be assessed by their therapist and have treatment tailored to their needs and goals. An acquired brain injury is an injury to brain cells that occurs after birth. It can be due to various causes and depending on where the damage is located, one or more processes will be affected. Also, a developing brain (children) would not be affected as would that of a fully developed brain (adults). Patients with acquired brain injury who have been discharged from inpatient neurological rehabilitation often continue to suffer from limited independence, participation, and quality of life. Acquired brain injury, such as stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI), is one of the most common causes of long-term disability. It is associated with loss of quality of life and substantial economic costs.